Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Womens Reproductive Rights and the US Constitution Cutoff points on conceptive rights and choices by ladies were for the most part canvassed by state laws in the US until the last 50% of the twentieth century when the Supreme Court started to settle on certain choices in legal disputes about pregnancy, anti-conception medication, and fetus removal. Following are key choices in sacred history about womens authority over their generation. 1965: Griswold v. Connecticut In Griswold v. Connecticut, the Supreme Court found a privilege to conjugal security in deciding to utilize conception prevention, nullifying state laws that precluded the utilization of anti-conception medication by wedded people. 1973: Roe v. Swim In memorable Roe v. Swim choice, the Supreme Court held that in the previous long stretches of pregnancy, a lady, in interview with her primary care physician, could decide to have a premature birth without legitimate limitations, and could likewise settle on the decision with certain limitations later in pregnancy. The reason for the choice was the privilege to security, a privilege deduced from the Fourteenth Amendment. The case, Doe v. Bolton, was additionally concluded that day, raising doubt about criminal premature birth resolutions. 1974: Geduldig v. Aiello Geduldig v. Aiello took a gander at a states incapacity protection framework which rejected impermanent nonappearances from work because of pregnancy handicap and found that ordinary pregnancies didn't need to be secured by the framework. 1976: Planned Parenthood v. Danforth The Supreme Court found that spousal assent laws for premature births (for this situation, in the third trimester) were illegal in light of the fact that the pregnant womans rights were more convincing than her spouses. The Court upholded that guidelines requiring the womans full and educated assent were sacred. 1977: Beal v. Doe, Maher v. Roe, and Poelker v. Doe In these fetus removal cases, the Court found that states were not required to utilize open assets for elective premature births. 1980: Harris v. Mcrae The Supreme Court maintained the Hyde Amendment, which barred Medicaid installments for all premature births, even those that were seen as therapeutically vital. 1983: Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, Planned Parenthood v. Ashcroft, and Simopoulos v. Virginia In these cases, the Court struck down state guidelines intended to deter ladies from fetus removal, expecting doctors to offer guidance that the doctor probably won't concur with. The Court additionally struck down a hanging tight period for educated assent and a necessity that premature births after the main trimester be acted in authorized intense consideration clinics. The Court maintained, in Simopoulos v. Virginia, restricting second-trimester premature births to authorized offices. 1986: Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists The Court as solicited by the American College from Obstetricians and Gynecologists to give an order on implementation of another enemy of premature birth law in Pennsylvania; the organization of President Reagan requested that the Court topple Roe v. Swim in their choice. The Court maintained Roe based on womens rights, however not based on doctors rights. 1989: Webster v. Conceptive Health Services On account of Webster v. Conceptive Health Services, the Court maintained a few cutoff points on premature births, including disallowing the contribution of open offices and open workers in performing premature births but to spare the life of the mother, precluding directing by open representatives that may empower premature births and requiring practicality tests on babies after the twentieth seven day stretch of pregnancy. In any case, the Court additionally focused on that it was not managing on the Missouri proclamation about existence starting at origination, and was not toppling the pith of the Roe v. Swim choice. 1992: Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey In Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the court maintained both the sacred option to have a fetus removal and a few limitations on premature births, while as yet maintaining the embodiment of Roe v. Swim. The test on limitations was moved from the uplifted examination standard built up under Roe v. Swim and rather moved to taking a gander at whether a limitation put an undue weight on the mother. The court struck down an arrangement requiring spousal notification and maintained different limitations. 2000: Stenberg v. Carhart The Supreme Court found a law making halfway birth fetus removal was illegal, abusing the Due Process Clause (fifth and fourteenth Amendments). 2007: Gonzales v. Carhart The Supreme Court maintained the government Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003, applying the undue weight test.
Posted by Jaylah Olvera at 2:59 AM
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Galileo expositions Galileo Galilei was conceived on February 15, 1564, in Pisa, Italy. Galileo was the first of seven offspring of Vincenzio Galilei, a broker and Giula Ammannati, a high society lady who wedded beneath her group. At the point when Galileo was a little fellow, his dad moved the family moved to Florence. Galileo moved into a close by religious community with the goals of turning into a priest, yet he left the cloister when he was 15 since his dad opposed his child turning into a priest. In November of 1581, Vincenzio Galilei had Galileo joined up with the University of Pisa School of Medicine since he needed his child to turn into a specialist to carry on the family fortune. Vincenzio felt that Galileo ought to have the option to accommodate the family when he kicked the bucket, and his sister would require a settlement soon. Galileo had different plans, and in mid 1583 he started investing his energy with the science educators rather than the clinical ones. At the point when his dad scholarly of this, he was enraged and voyage 60 miles from Florence to Pisa just to go up against his child with the information that he had been dismissing his examinations. The stupendous duke's mathematician interceded and convinced Vincenzio to permit Galileo to contemplate arithmetic depending on the prerequisite that following one year, the entirety of Galileo's help would be cut off and he was all alone. In the spring of 1585, Galileo skirted his last, most important tests and left the college without a degree. He started looking for some kind of employment as a math mentor. In November of 1589, Galileo found a situation as an educator of arithmetic at the college of Pisa, a similar one he had left without a degree four years prior. Galileo was a splendid educator, however his extreme perspectives and open analysis of Aristotle's lessons were not adequate to different teachers at the college. They felt that he was excessively radical and that his lessons were not appropriate. In 1592, his three-year contract was not restored. 1n 1592, he found work showing science at the Univer... <! Galileo articles Since (as I accept) the assessment of Copernicus that Venus spins about the sun is right, plainly she would fundamentally be seen by us some of the time horned and once in a while not, in spite of the fact that the said planet is at equivalent good ways from the Sun, at those occasions, that is, the point at which the diminutiveness of the horns and the radiation of beams don't obstruct the perceptions of this distinction. (Van Helden, pg. 106.) This is from a letter that Galileo Galilei composed, that was in his book The Sidereal Messenger, to Benedetto Castelli. This leads into the work, Galileos Daughter by Dava Sobel, where Galileos proficient revelations were not seen as positive as history has demonstrated them to be. In the event that Galileo had assaulted some individual mastermind for is deficient contentions for the soundness of the earth, we may at present put a great development on his test however as he pronounces war on everyone and views as mental smaller people all who are not Pythagorean or Copernican, it is clear enough what he has at the top of the priority list. (Sobel, Dava pg. 256) This announcement by the Jesuit specialist, Melchior Inchofer, shows what Galileo was facing in his day and age. The Copernican thought of the Earth was the focal point of the universe was accepted by a large portion of the individuals on the planet. Galileo had witnessed the rings of Saturn, which he inaccurately accepted them to check Saturn's being as three stars in succession, as opposed to a planet. He at that point found that Venus, similar to the moon, experienced stages; this gave key proof to the Heliocentric framework, since it suggested that Venus circled the sun similarly as the moon circled the earth. Galileo found the presence of sunspots, by outlining them over a time of months, he reasoned that the sun really turned. These perceptions are proof for the unbelieved thought of the Heliocentric hypothesis. In Galileos Daughter it is clear that the congregation doesn't concur with his perspectives on the ... <! Galileo articles Galileo is known as sciences most sensational character. He is known as a revolutionary logician who pushed free however in a nation where singular sentiment was loathed. He went up against power and custom by placing his convictions in his logical work before those of religion. His idea of addressing and scanning for reality prompted numerous revelations, for example, the isochronism of the pendulum, disliking the acknowledged Aristotelian idea of the fall of loads, development of the telescope which was an unquestionably increasingly incredible instrument that anybody had ever observed and through it he found satellites of Jupiter just as numerous others....... Conceived of an in Pisa, Tuscan on February 15, 1564, Galileo was the most seasoned child of Vincenzio Galilei. (Book Galileo, page 59) When he was a little youngster his family moved to Florence where he got his initial training in a close by religious community. At that point in 1581 he was sent to the University of Pisa to contemplate medication. Galileo had little enthusiasm for medication and discovered his classes exhausting. Be that as it may, his dynamic and inquisitive psyche drove him into the universe of science. He was sitting in the house of prayer at Pis while the lights were being lit. He saw that the lights were swinging and some had more extensive bends then others. He expected that the lights with the more extensive swings would require additional time so he coordinated them by the beat of his heartbeat and found that all the swings took a similar time. The light was acting like a pendulum and these perceptions indicated that any pendulum should in this manner be is ochronous, playing out all swings in equivalent occasions. He likewise suggested his discoveries about pendulums to create a planning guidance. What was most significant is that Galileo had set a mind-blowing example. A basic perception drove him to questions and examinations which prompted new information and applications. The main indication of him being a dissident was demonstrated when he chose to leave clinical school without a degree and come back to Florence against his father&... <! galileo papers Galileo was an Italian physicist and stargazer who with the German space expert Johannes kelper started the logical unrest that started crafted by Sir Isaac Newton. Galileos fundamental intrigue was space science he utilized the telescope which he developed utilizing optic focal points to see sunspots on the sun loonier mountains and valleys the four biggest satellites of Jupiter and the periods of Venus. He likewise found the laws of falling items and the movement of moving shots. At Padua Galileo developed an ascertaining compass for the reasonable arrangement of scientific issues. He utilized his investigations of material science and estimation to find the law of falling items and the manner in which shots move. He likewise examined pendulums he was sitting in a room one day and was viewing a pendulum swing to and fro and he found that the planning of the swings was the equivalent each time this hypothesis that he found is presently utilized in a well known innovation called the clock. Right now he demonstrated almost no enthusiasm for stargazing in spite of the fact that he built up the hypothesis that the earth spins around the sun. In 1609 Galileo knew about the main government operative glass that was developed in Holland. So Galileo gave a telescope about a similar intensity of an advanced field glass. By December of 1609 Galileo had manufactured a telescope of multiple times the amplification with which he found mountains and holes on the moon. He additionally observed that the Milky Way was comprised of stars and he finds the four biggest satellites of Jupiter. He distributed these discoveries in March 1610 in the brilliant Messenger. The more that Galileo watched our universe through his telescope the more he understood he at long last arrived at the resolution that the sun was not the focal point of the universe the earth was and on the grounds that he conflicted with the Rome catholic church in saying this he was condemned to life in jail. ... <! Galileo expositions Galileo Galilee was conceived in the Renaissance time. He was brought into the world close to Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564 and kicked the bucket on January 8, 1642 in Arcetr. He was instructed at the University of Pisa. Galileo was an arithmetic educator and a researcher. He achieved much in the course of his life. Galileo went to the University of Pisa for a long time. He concentrated on clinical investigations. Galileos father, Vincenzo Galilee needed him to be a specialist; Galileo didn't. In 1585, Galileo didnt need to concentrate to be a specialist any more. He convinced his dad to let him leave the college. Galileo was increasingly inspired by science, than medication. He demonstrated assurance by recognizing what he needed to do with his life. During the four years Galileo was being guided in science, he addressed logical idea and Aristotles theory. While Galileo was being coached he likewise addressed hydrostatic equalization. In 1589 Galileo was delegated a science teacher at the University of Pudua. There he went through the following 18 years of his life. Galileo wasnt the sort of individual hesitant to pose inquiries. He was genuinely a daring individual. In 1633 Galileo was detained for life for Vehement doubt of blasphemy. While he was in jail he composed several books. The first, which was prohibited by the congregation, was distributed in 1637, it was called, The Dialog Concerning the Two Chief System. His next book was distributed one year later. The congregation likewise prohibited it. It was named, The Discourse On Two New Sciences. These books were restricted on the grounds that they couldn't help contradicting what the congregation instructed. That indicated his skill, and insight. Galileo was in fact a saint of the Renaissance. He fabricated a telescope more grounded than at any other time. He fabricated everything while he was instructing. He likewise scrutinized an a large number of the holy places lessons. In the event that the congregation had realized he concurred with the Copernican hypothesis he would have been murdered. Galileo was a genuine saint. ... <! galileo expositions Galileo Galilei was conceived in Pisa, Tuscany in 1564 and was the child of Florentine artist Vincenzo Galilei. Galileo was an exceptionally wise kid and at age 17, due to
Posted by Jaylah Olvera at 3:02 AM
Tuesday, July 28, 2020
How to Start Thinking About College as a High School Freshman At some point soon, if it hasnât happened already, someone is going to ask you about college: âWhere do you want to go to school? What do you want to major in?â Hopefully that someone is a teacher or a high school counselor and not your older cousin over Thanksgiving dinner (although, full disclosure: we are 100 percent that cousin). However, when these questions come your way, take comfort in knowing you have plenty of time to figure things out. I repeat: You have plenty of time to figure things out. Youâre just a freshman! That being said, if you are ready to start thinking about college now, we can help. Our best advice? Start thinking about you! The better you know yourself, the easier it will be to make those big decisions later on. Here are three suggestions to get you started: 1. Really explore your interests. Why do people go to college? Because they want to become knowledgeable enough about a particular subject area to make a career out of it. So finding a major you care about is key. Think about the classes youâre taking and the activities youâre involved in (or those you want to be involved in). What gets you excited? What sparks your curiosity? College majors are vast and varied, so chances are any interests you have can easily be translated into a major. Once youâve determined your interests, consume them with gusto through classes, extracurriculars, camps, volunteer work, jobs, and more. All of this exploration will help you better discover the opportunities that come along with your interests and whether you can see yourself pursuing those opportunities as a career. An added bonus? College admissions counselors like to see you have experiences related to the major you choose on your application, so youâll have that going for you later on, too. 2. Start thinking about whatâs important to you. There are around 5,000 colleges and universities in the U.S. That number is certainly intimidating if you arenât sure how to go about narrowing them down. Again, your goal right now should be to get to know yourself better and the kind of college experience youâre looking for. With that in mind, ask yourself the following questions: What am I looking to get out of my college experience (a strong education, social opportunities, a good support system and resources, career preparation, etc.)?What do I care about most when it comes to a college experience?What donât I care about when it comes to a college experience?Would I rather attend a big school, a small school, or something in between?Am I looking for a city environment, a college town, or a small-town setting?Do I want to stay close to home or venture farther away?Does beginning at a community college make sense for me?What role will financial aid play in my college decision process? Recognizing your priorities when it comes to college can take some time, so donât worry if you canât answer all of these questions right now. Just having them in the back of your mind as you begin to look at those college emails inundating your inbox is a helpful start. 3. Make sure youâre doing everything you can now to succeed later. Last but not least, set your later self up for success. This is an important one, but no more soul-searching is required. Start by meeting with your high school counselor. Talk to them about your interests and goals. Your counselor can be an amazing advocate as you work toward college, but in order to best advise you, they need to get to know you. Your counselor can also help you make sure youâre taking the right kinds of courses. Many colleges, including Illinois, require you take certain classes in high school, and they like to see that youâre challenging yourself. Finally, work hard to make good grades, even as a freshman. Although much more goes into reviewing an application than just GPA, many colleges do look at your entire high school transcript. Bottom line, itâs always worth trying your best! Hopefully these suggestions have not only proven helpful but also reassured you that this is your time to explore. The next time someone asks you about college, remember âIâm just a freshmanâ is a perfectly acceptable response. college college prep resources planning Illinois Admissions We're here for you as you prepare for college. Whether you're looking for guidance on the college search process or have questions about Illinois, we hope our blogs will help!
Posted by Jaylah Olvera at 2:25 AM
Friday, May 22, 2020
WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF PLASTIC SURGERY? Doctors say that when someone is over weight and they need to find a way to lose the fat, or die. Most doctors will say that if you can, take a little bit of time to exercise at least thirty minutes a day to improve on losing the fat. What do they do if exercising is too much to handle? Now, the doctors are going for looks instead, using plastic surgery to get rid of both fat and extra skin that is just hanging on the body or building up too fast to get rid of. Plastic Surgery enhances the human body but leaves problems when the surgery is finished. Fat is in the facial tissue and is in tacked at first, until one becomes older to where the tissue accumulates to fat and settles in the personÃ¢â¬â¢s jawline and neck; all while the skin is stretching and the elasticity goes away. Facelifts are important to us; because we all want to look beautiful and have others notice us. The facial tissues and epidermis are sagging or gone when people come in to get a facelift. You have deep creas es under your eyelids, fat has fallen or displaced itself over time, and the skin is loose and sagging under the chin and jaw line (Ã¢â¬Å"Facelift Surgery,Ã¢â¬ par.3). People go into treatment and then come out with the astonishing after effects to show the world their new face. The fat is removed from the hidden spots you couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t see, muscles are tightened and the skin is rewrapped so the sagging bits are not there anymore (Wheatley, par.4). All that beauty must comeShow MoreRelatedPlastic Surgery Essay1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhen you hear the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"Plastic SurgeryÃ¢â¬ what comes to mind? Maybe dangerous, and risky, or do you think about the scalpel and all the cutting and all the blood? I myself think about how itÃ¢â¬â¢s only for rich celebrities who have a couple extra hundreds of thousands of dollars to spend. We have a bad habit of overlooking all the good things that plastic surgery can achieve. From life altering surgeries and saving lives, by high ly qualified surgeons, to giving people more confidence and getting ridRead MoreBeauty Is No Longer A Personal Matter1202 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe help of the mass media, a number of computer edited images are presented to the public, and these images are often promoted as Ã¢â¬Å"beautiful.Ã¢â¬ Many people seek to alter their appearances through surgeries, and some even become obsessed with the thought of beauty that they go through numerous surgeries in attempt to achieve the Ã¢â¬Å"perfect look.Ã¢â¬ These obsessive thoughts with regards to beauty can be explained through the interactionist perspective, in which shared meanings are established through theRead MoreThe Effects Of Plastic Surgery On South Korea1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Kingdom of PlasticÃ¢â¬ is a fitting name for South Korea where one out of five women have admitted to having some sort of cosmetic surgery procedure. Most Asian countries, including South Korea, have very specific criterias for judging if a person is beautiful. Common beauty expectations for both males and females are high noses, big eyes, and narrow chins. Due to the nature of an Asian bone structure, it is highly unlikely that the previously mentioned beauty standards will occur naturally withinRead MoreEssay on Plasic Surgery554 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Nature of Plastic Surgery A nip here, a tuck there and now science is making it easier to change the appearance of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s called plastic surgery and now more than ever people are taking part in these risky surgical producers. Not only are there obvious risks taken on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self when the decision is made but risks are also taken when it comes to the impact on family, friends, and the doctors performing these dangerous acts. The risks associated with plastic surgery makes this procedureRead MoreEffects Of Plastic Surgery On The Eye Of The Beholder1591 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagestodayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. The obsession of physical beauty, according to the media, has plastic surgery on an all time high, and is more popular than ever. While plastic surgery is growing in popularity, it needs to be assessed more carefully. Social media and other factors in the media indirectly capture the attention and rising rate of plastic surgery. In order to understand the full impact on how detrimenta l plastic surgery really is, it will be necessary to look at the negative impact that it can causeRead MoreEssay about The Good, Bad, and the Ugly of Plastic Surgery548 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPlastic surgery is more popular than ever. According to the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS), 43,172 plastic surgery procedures in the UK were carried out in 2012. In general, individuals consider plastic surgery to improve physical features. However, before opting for something as drastic as plastic surgery, people should calculate the pros and cons of it to accurately assess the risks and benefits. Plastic surgery, when performed by an expert surgeon for the right reasonsRead MorePros And Cons Of Plastic Surgery Essay818 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPlastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function of a body part. There are a lot of arguments concerning plastic surgery. Some people even argued that it should be banned. However, the fact that plastic surgery is still legally practiced globally points out that the advantages significantly outweigh the disadvantages. Plastic surgery should not be banned due to the following reasons. Firstly, plastic surgery is needed for medical purposes. SecondlyRead MoreCosmetic Surgery : Medical Medicine1236 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCosmetic Surgery Alexis Thomas AHS 128 Ã¢â¬â Health Sciences Intro Professor Sloan Midlands Technical College - Airport COSMETIC SURGERY 2 Abstract Over recent years, there has been a rising trend in the demand for cosmetic surgeries. These procedures are typically carried out to change, improve, or enhance ones appearance. Cosmetic surgery, also called plastic surgery dates backRead MorePlastic Surgery And Its Effects On Society844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesReal-Life Photoshop Plastic Surgery is defined as the process of reconstructing or repairing parts of the body, either in the treatment for injury or cosmetic reason. Just like any other topic, plastic surgery has both negative and positive attributes. Depending on the opinion, there may be more of one than that of the other, but in the case of this paper there are more negative. Plastic surgery has been deemed acceptable by countless celebrities and television shows, and has left a huge not soRead MoreEssay on The Risks of Plastic Surgery1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesfeel good about physical appearance, plastic surgery comes with many life-threatening risks, that often times are not even necessary. Even though plastic surgery comes in handy in certain cases, people manage to take it to a whole other level, even as far as an obsession. That is where something good turns into a psychological problem. If the outcome can do more damage than good, it probably is not a wise decision. Medical Reasons The only reason why plastic surgery is necessary for medical reasons
Posted by Jaylah Olvera at 1:45 PM
Saturday, May 9, 2020
Negotiation Skills Self Assessment By John Doe Executive Summary My time in the negotiation skills workshop was very humbling. Before the workshop began my negotiation ability was one of the business skills I knew needed the most improvement. When going into negotiations at work, prior to the course, the only thing I knew was that I wanted a lower price then I was given. What actually surprised me most what that I did actually have some effective negotiating strategies but I was correct in my belief that I had a lot to learn. When you have a goal but lack a game plan on how to achieve it that makes negotiating very difficult and something that I approached with much reservation at work. As you will see from my report IÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The answer to what I want however was always limited to a particular dollar value. I would enter negotiations with either a target price given to me by a superior or with a somewhat arbitrary price reduction figure such as achieving a 10% or 20% lower price from the quoted price. While I list this as a strength, I am now aware that narrowing my focus in a negotiation to focusing purely on price also caused me to have a purely distributive approach to Ã¢â¬Ëdividing the pie.Ã¢â¬â¢ I failed to see other possibilities such as expanding the pie and adding value to both my company and potential suppliers. This mindset also means that my ability to create value for both parties in a deal was severely limited. While in the process of acquiring a product or service I always try and ensure that I have at least two alternative sources for services and products that my company frequently uses. In the case of a new product or service I always tried to ensure that I have three independent quotes. Although I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t knowledgeable enough to label this as a BATNA(best alternative to a negotiated agreement) I believe it did allow me to have an alternative in most cases. I am aware that this is an extremely limited view of term BATNA and I certainly donÃ¢â¬â¢t mean to suggest that this is a sufficient approach to this strategy, it is never the less an alternative. I have never found it very difficult to determine who the real parties are in a negotiation. Most negotiations I haveShow MoreRelatedPersonal Statement : My Self Assessment1509 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhen looking through my self-assessment which analyzed my strengths, abilities, skills and areas of improvement it made me wonder if all leaders have similar strengths and areas of improvement. For the project I thought I would look at someone who I considered a polar opposite to myself and begin to explore this notion of similarities and dissimilarities. The leader I chose was the infamous Jack Welch. This paper will explore my-self assessment, how that compares and contrasts with Jack. This paperRead MorePersonal Negotiation Essay1061 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesNEGOTIATION AND CONFLICT APPLICATION PAPER 1 Negotiation and Conflict Application Paper I immigrated to the United States 15 years ago in pursuit of higher education and a successful career. I discovered that I had to significantly readjust the habits engrained in me from childhood through interacting with new people and dealing with conflicts. My traditional and conservative upbringing in India provided a sheltered environment and programmed me into listening and obeying elders and avoidingRead MoreThe Leadership Self Assessment At The Workplace875 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesleadership self-assessment above indicates own leadership strengths, specifically interpersonal skills. These skills include verbal and non-verbal communication, negotiation, problem-solving, and assertiveness. As a matter of point, interpersonal skills build strong working relationship among employees, hence, improving efficiency in management. Besides, political skills help to manage the organizational politics and reduce workplace conflicts (Hersey, Ken, and Dewey 15). However, self-assessment indicatedRead MoreWhat Is My Frame?1153 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat is my frame? Upon assessment with the tool provided, my results reflected that I have a somewhat balanced orientation that doesn t lean strongly toward any one of the four approaches. Leadership Orientations Self-Assessment: The results for raw scores and percentile scores for each of the four frames (Figure 1) reflect the numbers hovering almost around 50 percentiles. As per tool assessment this result indicates almost balanced orientation towards all the frames. The characteristics of fourRead MoreCritical Thinking Is An Important Asset Of Individuals1384 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesa willingness to disagree with others are strong traits associated with my critical thinking skills. I understand the importance of in depth analysis of information retrieved from various sources and perspectives. In this section, I will demonstrate my ability to apply critical thinking skills to various scenarios with four artifacts. The first artifact is a paper completed for the BSAD 415 Negotiation and Conflict Resolution course. For this assignment, the class was divided into three teamsRead MoreLearning Curriculum : Towards Student Driven Pedagogy993 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdevelopment. By summarizing key components of a learning curriculum including needs assessment and content-based curriculum, the study points out that curriculum negotiation in an adult ESL class can aid in increasing learner autonomy and motivating them to be in charge of their own learning. I refer to this article to highlight the importance of having ongoing needs assessments and supporting curriculum negotiation in order to motivate my studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ participation in classroom L2 learning. (L2 Pedagogy)Read MoreNegotiation Is A Form Of Decision Making1188 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Negotiation is Ã¢â¬Å"a form of decision making in which two or more parties talk with one another to resolve their opposing interestÃ¢â¬ (Lewicki, Barry, Saunders, 2010). Although, bargaining can be described as competitive the most important factors that shape successful negotiations is not what happens during the negotiations; it is what occurred prior to the negotiations, or that which shapes the context around negotiations (Pg. 3). The first step to becoming a strong negotiator is toRead MoreSummary With ever increasing pace of change and complexity within businesses, it is easy to900 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTypically the effective management aspects include problem solving, interpersonal communication, decision making, conflict management, negotiation, team building and motivation. To achieve these eminent skills with the accurate quality of management, an individual must begin with strengthening the skills that complement his/her best behaviour (Zenger 2009). Being self aware is highly important in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s competitive environment and it is essential to exercise oneÃ¢â¬â¢s existing positive managerialRead MoreMy Ideal Job And The Professional1731 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesoutcome of this section is a set of critical professional, personal and interpersonal capabilities required to succeed in your ideal job. Tables are good for showing these capabilities Ã¢â¬â where appropriate do make sure you justify decisions Ã¢â¬â the assessment is based on this IDEAL JOB To achieve my career goal of becoming a public relations manager I need to be able to evolve with my practice of public relations and be able to keep up with new communication channels that are opening ( (Hall, 2015)Read MoreTeaching, Learning And Clinical Setting1563 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespractices to ensure that the students learn skills, knowledge and behaviors which are essential for entry into practice. Clinical education can only be achieved by bridging academic education and clinical practice, introducing students to the real environment of the profession and reflecting knowledge, skills and professional behaviors by managing patients during the clinical affiliations.1 The goal of the clinical education is to apply academic skills, knowledge and to provide an environment that
Posted by Jaylah Olvera at 6:26 AM
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Unsustainable of Earth Ã¢â¬Ës resources and environmental jobs are major current jobs that occurred by over ingestion and inefficient manner of utilizing. Climate alteration, resource depletion, loss of biodiversity, and air pollution has a major impact on many citizens and the Earth which require people change their current behaviour. Climate alteration and planetary heating are portion of serious issues these yearss and are besides portion of the most of import planetary environmental challenges, with deductions for nutrient production, H2O supply, wellness, energy and so on. We will write a custom essay sample on What Are The Benefits Of Eco Briquettes Environmental Sciences Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Addressing clime alteration requires a good scientific apprehension every bit good as coordinated action at national and planetary degree from. PTT 328 PTT is the largest energy company in Thailand which the group Ã¢â¬Ës chief activity is the operation of crude oil concern. The Group besides engages in the geographic expedition and production of crude oil, operation of natural gas, international trading of rough oil, condensate, crude oil and petrochemical merchandises and investing in domestic refinement and petrochemical industries. Its vision and mission are to be the preeminent Thai energy corporation, runing to the full integrated oil and gas concern, and entire energy services. PTT has a clear end over Quality, Safety, Health and Environment ( QSHE ) . Regarded as the nucleus constituent of sustainable development, QSHE has been analyzed and assessed with the demands of the stakeholders in head. In carry oning energy concerns, it is inevitable for operators to confront hazards refering Quality, Safety, Health, and Environment ( QSHE ) . Refering this, PTT has invariably paid full attending to the control, bar, and minimisati on of these hazards faced by stakeholders ; clients, providers, contractors, stockholders, communities, staff, and the environment as a whole. The company has applied productiveness tools and QSHE direction systems in all its units to better its efficiency and the quality of life of staff and communities, and to steadily advance image in the company Ã¢â¬Ës societal and environmental duties. These steps have successfully instilled greater assurance in investors and favored PTT Ã¢â¬Ës international concern project. However, sustainable edifice of concern besides covers the merchandise which its belongings and production procedure is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a edifice Ã¢â¬Ës life-cycle. All of these elements have to concern of economic system, public-service corporation, lastingness, and comfort. Biomass briquette is an ideal biomass fuel which can heighten the PTT Ã¢â¬Ës environmental public presentation more effectual and ocular because th is the merchandise including natural stuff, production procedure and new engineerings are developed to make greener activities to cut down the overall impact of the built environment on human wellness and the natural environment by: Efficiently utilizing energy, H2O, and other resources Protecting occupant wellness and bettering employee productiveness Recycling waste, cut downing pollution and environmental debasement. Biomass briquettes Biomass briquettes are an low-cost alternate fuel to coal and other solid combustible fuels which are produced by change overing low majority denseness biomass into high denseness solid fuels ( Werther et al. 2000 ) . Biomass briquetting workss are consisted of assorted types of machines to back up different natural stuffs ( KriA?an et al. 2009 ) . Biomass briquettes are non-conventional beginning of energy, renewable in nature, eco friendly, non-polluting and economical ( Wilaipon 2007 ) . In add-on, it has been claimed thataÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦.the procedure of change overing biomass to solid fuel is besides non-polluting ; therefore the procedure and merchandise are 100 % natural. Briquette is an ideal Bio-fuel because of the undermentioned grounds: Eco friendly A ; renewable energy fuel. Economic and cheaper than other solid fuels. Thermal calorific value about 4000 Kcal/Kg. Pollution free amp ; non-hazardous. Lower ash content 4 % Ã¢â¬â 8 % . There is no fly ash when burnt. Consistent high combustion efficiency. Easy for transit, eating, and burning. Combustion is more unvarying. Biomass briquettes are an alternate green energy to char, and are normally used to fire industrial boilers that produce steam including concern which requires burn. Production procedure 400 Every twelvemonth Thailand has 1000000s of dozenss of agricultural wastes are generated. These agricultural wastes are treated a waste with no economic value and either none used or burned inefficiently in their loose signifier doing air pollution. However, this Ã¢â¬Ëwaste Ã¢â¬Ë can be turned into a wholly environment-friendly beginning of energy through briquetting ( Biomass briquettes Replacing coal and LPG.article ) . Groundnut shell Bamboo dust Paddy straw Sunflower chaff Tea waste Tobacco waste Bagasse ( Sugarcane waste ) Saw dust Coffee chaff Wheat straw Mustard Jute waste Forestry wastes Cotton chaff Palm chaff Wood french friess Rice chaff Reeds Soies husk Other agro wastes Table1. Kinds of natural stuff ( based on Werther et Al. 2000 ) Biomass briquettes are manufactured by the procedure of recycling agricultural wastes and forestry wastes. The machinery used is compatible with multiple agricultural wastes. The agro waste is first pulverized, sieved and so dried to necessitate wet content. This is so fed into the hopper of fuel briquette machine, which uses high compaction between dice and clout ensuing into cylindrical briquettes. Cylindrical briquettes are therefore formed due to carbonisation, achieved by heating of surface. Figure1. The Biomass briquette Ã¢â¬Ës production procedure ( based on Callejon Ferre and Lopez Martinez 2009 ) Procedure of Briquetting: First, oppressing machine prepares suited size natural stuff for biomass briquetting works by tear uping the natural stuff after it is fed into the machine. After that a tiled metal screen will vibrate chopped remains until it separates from dirt. Then, the remains works stuffs were passed into a armored combat vehicle of uninterrupted rinsing consists of a pivot membranophone made of screen. After rinsing the works stuff, H2O is contaminated and low quality, it is brought to sublimate by water-purification system which is contained in the lowest of the armored combat vehicle. This system allows reused H2O for briquetting procedure. Second, drying machine prepare suited wet natural stuff for biomass briquette imperativeness. For briquetting imperativeness, it is merely to command the wet of natural stuff at a sensible scope that can do good consequence of biomass briquettes. Or the briquettes will be broken because of excessively loose or excessively dry. Third, briquetting imperativ eness machine makes the biomass stuff into briquettes. After the well readying of natural metarial, briquetting is easy at right operation of biomass briquette imperativeness. When machine rise to over 300 centigrade, the stuff can be feeding continuously into briquetting imperativeness. First, the colour of briquettes may be a small dark even black, but after a piece, the colour will be light to normal degree coming out of biomass briquette machine. Finally, wadding is the last procedure of briquetting procedure which the wadding machine will lade concluding biomass briquettes and so wrap with a thermic psychiatrist wrap by thermic psychiatrist wrapper machine Finished Product Briquettes Briquettes are ready replacement of brown coal, coal and wood in industrial boiler and brick kiln for thermic application including families Ã¢â¬Ë day-to-day life. Biomass briquettes are non-conventional beginning of energy, eco-friendly, renewable in nature, non fouling and economical. It Ã¢â¬Ës made through binder less technique without usage of any type of chemical so it is 100 % natural. Compared to fire wood or loose biomass, briquettes give much higher boiler efficiency because of low wet and higher denseness. Marketing 200 Explain how it could be marketed ( academic resources ) Harmonizing to ( Suksumek 2007 ) pollution job by utilizing brown coal at Mae Moh Power works in Thailand in 1992 and doing bad consequence to villagers, power works employees and harvest of local communities, it creates negative image of utilizing lignite and coal which Thai authorities solves the job by import coal from oversea. Therefore, it is a good chance to market biomass briquette merchandise in Thailand. The fabrication, located in Thailand, provides a geographical advantage to Tesco because it is populatedaÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦aÃâ Ã ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦ Furthermore, demand ingestion of coal is high while low competition in clean fuel merchandise as biomass briquette. Unit of measurement: Ktoe Table1. Forecast on Primary Energy Demand ( based on Suksumek 2007 ) The multiple use of the terminal merchandise enables us to work the chances in both commercial and industrial markets. Our works will provide to the SA and UK industrial and domestic commercial market such as steel fabrication workss or electrical plants.There are plentifulness of possible markets for fuel briquettes in the metropoliss and in the rural countries. The possible clients for the briquettes: Furnace lining Industries Gasifies System App Lamination Industries Spining Mill Leather Industries Ceramic Industries Textile units Vegetable Plants Solvent Extraction Plant Rubber Industries Food Processing Industries Dying Unit of measurements Milk Plant Any Industrial Thermal App Brick Making Unit of measurements Chemical Industries Selling Approachs Sponsorship: The program recommends actuating client Ã¢â¬Ës perceptual experience and besides improves client relationships in term of green company and green merchandise by incorporating green enterprises into every facet of the organisation which links the association of the company and briquette merchandise with an person, event or organisation to expose in societal duty. Using eco-labels and eco-logos on merchandises or selling stuffs: The program aims to stress in term of green merchandise by seting eco-label and eco-logos on briquette Ã¢â¬Ës packaging to increase client Ã¢â¬Ës consciousness. Prosecuting clients in green selling: The selling program will actuate consumers by promoting them to take part and prosecute in the run or straight with the merchandise through green clubcard. E-marketing: In term of viral selling, the program will aim on-line resources like Tesco Ã¢â¬Ës web site chat room, article media, electronic mails online events and will sell the merchandise through Tesco Ã¢â¬Ës ain web site. Personal Selling: Due to briquette is low-value merchandise and it is required to utilize in many industries ; hence face-to-face contact provides better chance to sell briquette for big measure to industries. Distribution 45 % of the merchandise is exported to the UK retaining 55 % of it for the Thailand market. Distribution in Thailand will be done straight to clients upon puting an order or known as Just-In-Time because the briquette merchandise Ã¢â¬Ës lead clip is short. Furthermore, it is available in every subdivisions of Tesco shop in Thailand while it is available in Tesco supernumerary in UK. However, there is some sum of merchandise storaged in warehouse to back up an exigency. hypertext transfer protocol: //refrigeratedtrans.com/2010-emissions/testa_produce_building_green_distribution_center_0412/ Packing material: Due to belongings of merchandise and distance of transit, the biomass briquette merchandise would necessitate strong and rainproof packaging. For this grounds, Thermal Shrink wrapping which is cheap and environmentally friendly is used as packaging of merchandise. This elastic plastic wrap can besides used to protect merchandise when it is non in usage. Furthermore, it can be used for large and little points ; therefore it provides an advantage to merchandise and company for future development. In this procedure, briquettes are fed into the wadding machine, heat is used to distill the sheets of packing stuff to model, or shrivel to the signifier of the content it will protect. Delivery Briquettes have high specific denseness ; therefore it can defy the stocks of long distance conveyance, lading and droping. Furthermore, transit costs are much less and storage demand is drastically reduced. For bringing both in instance of cargo and transit, this program concerns about clime alteration and environment friendly, and intents to better C footmark. The merchandise will be delivered with sharing lorry by working in partnership with other companies and providers in domestic and international.A For our ain transit, we will utilize more and more double-decker dawdlers, which carry 55 per centum more merchandises per journey ( individual deck: 45, dual deck: 75 coops per trip ) . In add-on, battery-powered new waves are doing bringings for our online shop, Tesco.com which will salvage around 180 metric tons of CO2 each twelvemonth. From these effectual bringings, Tesco can cut down CO2 emanation, save cost and addition higher net income. Decision 150 How to cite What Are The Benefits Of Eco Briquettes Environmental Sciences Essay, Essay examples
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Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Poets and authors have tried to define love for centuries, whereas scientists have only recently started. Many of us know intuitively that love is a major purpose for living; (Blueprint, 2013) that connection is inherent in all that we do, and without love, we cannot survive as a species. But what is love, and how do we know when were in it? First , lets start off with what love isnt. If someone asks you to do or say something that isnt in your nature, that isnt true love. Smith, 2002) Although love does involve compromises between partners, someone who is in love with you will never ask you to change who you are in order to be loved. True Love is caring. The ancient Greeks had many different names for different forms of love: passion, virtuous, affection for the family, desire, and general affection. But no matter how love is defined, they all hold a common trait: caring. We will write a custom essay sample on Line Between Tough Love and Child Abuse or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page (Blueprint, 2013) True Love is attractive. Attraction and chemistry form the bond that allows people to mate. Without this romantic desire for another individual, a relationship is nothing more than lust or infatuation. True Love is attached. Like the mother-child bond, attachment comes after the initial attraction. Attachment is the long term love that appears anywhere from one to three years into a romantic relationship (sometimes sooner and very rarely after), and youll know youve found it when you can honestly say, (Smith, 2002) Ive seen the worst and the best you have to offer, and I still love you, while your partner feels the same way. True Love is committed. When it comes to true love, commitment is more than just monogamy. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the knowledge that your partner cares for you and has your back, no matter what the circumstances. People who are strongly committed to one another will, when faced with seemingly negative information about their partner, see only the positive. For example, a friend comments that your partner doesnt say a lot. Ah yes, hes the strong, silent type, you reply. People with less commitment to their partner would instead say something like, Yeah, I can never have conversation with him. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s annoying. True Love is Intimate. Intimacy is a crucial component of all relationships, regardless of their nature. In order to know another, you need to share parts of yourself. This self-revealing behavior, when reciprocated, (Teicher, 2000) forms an emotional bond. Over time this bond strengthens and even evolves, so that two people merge closer and closer together. Intimacy by itself if is a great friendship, but compiled with the other things in this list, it forms an equation for true love. Within the minimum standards set by CAPTA, each State is responsible for providing its own definitions of child abuse and neglect. Most States recognize four major types of maltreatment: physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. Although any of the forms of child maltreatment may be found separately, (Blueprint, 2013) they often occur in combination. In many States, abandonment and parental substance abuse are also defined as forms of child abuse or neglect. The examples provided below are for general informational purposes only. Not all States definitions will include all of the examples listed below, and individual States definitions may cover additional situations not mentioned here. Physical abuse is no accidental physical injury (ranging from minor bruises to severe fractures or death) as a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting (with a hand, stick, strap, or other object), burning, or otherwise harming a child, that is inflicted by a parent, caregiver, or other person who has responsibility for the child. Perry, 2002) Such injury is considered abuse regardless of whether the caregiver intended to hurt the child. Physical discipline, such as spanking or paddling, is not considered abuse as long as it is reasonable and causes no bodily injury to the child. Neglect is the failure of a parent, guardian, or other caregiver to provide for a childs basic needs. (Perry, 2002) Neglect may be physical (failure to provide necessary food or shelter, or lack of appropriate supervision), medical (e. g. failure to provide necessary medical or mental health treatment), educational (e. g. , failure to educate a child or attend to special education needs), or emotional (e. g. , inattention to a childs emotional needs, failure to provide psychological care, or permitting the child to use alcohol or other drugs). These situations do not always mean a child is neglected. Sometimes cultural values, the standards of care in the community, and poverty may be contributing factors, indicating the family is in need of information or assistance. Teicher, 2000) When a family fails to use information and resources, and the childs health or safety is at risk, then child welfare intervention may be required. In addition, many States provide an exception to the defi nition of neglect for parents who choose not to seek medical care for their children due to religious beliefs that may prohibit medical intervention. Sexual abuse includes activities by a parent or caregiver such as fondling a childs genitals, penetration, incest, rape, sodomy, indecent exposure, and exploitation through prostitution or the production of pornographic materials. Sexual abuse is defined by CAPTA as the employment, use, persuasion, inducement, enticement, or coercion of any child to engage in, or assist any other person to engage in, any sexually explicit conduct or simulation of such conduct for the purpose of producing a visual depiction of such conduct; or the rape, and in cases of caretaker or inter-familial relationships, statutory rape, molestation, prostitution, or other form of sexual exploitation of children, or incest with children. Emotional abuse (or psychological abuse) is a pattern of behavior that impairs a childs emotional development or sense of self-worth. This may include constant criticism, threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, or guidance. Emotional abuse is often difficult to prove and, therefore, (Teicher, 2000) child protective services may not be able to intervene without evidence of harm or mental injury to the child. Emotional abuse is almost always present when other forms are identified. Abandonment is now defined in many States as a form of neglect. (Perry, 2002) In general, a child is considered to be abandoned when the parents identity or whereabouts are unknown, the child has been left alone in circumstances where the child suffers serious harm, or the parent has failed to maintain contact with the child or provide reasonable support for a specified period of time. Tough love simply means that if your child decides to do anything that can harm him/her or others that you have to love your child enough to take a stand against that behavior. If this means that you have to report your child to the authorities, whether the law or teachers, then you need to do it. It also means that if you find that you need help with your child for whatever reason that you should ask for it. There is nothing shameful about having a child who is out of control. It happens to the best of parents. What would be shameful is not to do anything. The fastest and best way to implement tough love techniques with your child is to simply start making them fully responsible for their own actions. (Blueprint, 2013) DonÃ¢â¬â¢t pay or legal representation, donÃ¢â¬â¢t bail them out with teachers, and donÃ¢â¬â¢t interfere in the natural consequences that may happen. Sometimes, you may even need to go further in the case of a child putting others in danger via drinking or drugging and driving. Take the car, take the money, take the phone, remove all privileges, and if that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work, you may have to call the police on your child who is pract icing illegal behaviors. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t give multiple warnings and threats. (Teicher, 2000) Teenagers just stop believing you, if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t back up your words with actions. Giving natural consequences a push in the right direction can go far in helping your child, while youÃ¢â¬â¢re still there for emotional support as long as theyÃ¢â¬â¢re doing the right thing, can help a child straighten their life out before they are on their own. Child abuse is more than bruises and broken bones. While physical abuse might be the most visible, other types of abuse, such as emotional abuse and neglect, also leave deep, lasting scars. The earlier abused children get help, the greater chance they have to heal and break the cycleÃ¢â¬ârather than perpetuate it. By learning about common signs of abuse and what you can do to intervene, you can make a huge difference in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. While physical abuse is shocking due to the scars it leaves, not all child abuse is as obvious. Ignoring childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s needs, putting them in unsupervised, dangerous situations, or making a child feel worthless or stupid are also child abuse. Regardless of the type of child abuse, the result is serious emotional harm. An estimated 905,000 children were victims of child abuse or neglect in 2006 (U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2008). While physical injuries may or may not be immediately visible, abuse and neglect can have consequences for children, families, and society that last lifetimes, if not generations. The impact of child abuse and neglect is often discussed in terms of physical, psychological, behavioral, and societal consequences. In reality, however, it is impossible to separate them completely. Physical consequences, such as damage to a childs growing brain, can have psychological implications such as cognitive delays or emotional difficulties. Psychological problems often manifest as high-risk behaviors. Depression and anxiety, for example, may make a person more likely to smoke, abuse alcohol or illicit drugs, or overeat. High-risk behaviors, in turn, can lead to long-term physical health problems such as sexually transmitted diseases, cancer, and obesity. This factsheet provides an overview of some of the most common physical, psychological, behavioral, and societal consequences of child abuse and neglect, while acknowledging that much crossover among categories exists. The immediate emotional effects of abuse and neglectÃ¢â¬âisolation, fear, and an inability to trustÃ¢â¬âcan translate into lifelong consequences including low self-esteem, depression, and relationship difficulties. (Teicher, 2000) Researchers have identified links between child abuse and neglect and the following: In one long-term study, as many as 80 percent of young adults who had been abused met the diagnostic criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder at age 21. These young adults exhibited many problems, including depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and suicide attempts (Silverman, Reinherz, amp; Giaconia, 1996). Other psychological and emotional conditions associated with abuse and neglect include panic disorder, dissociative disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and reactive attachment disorder (Teicher, 2000). The National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being recently found children placed in out-of-home care due to abuse or neglect tended to score lower than the general population on measures of cognitive capacity, language development, and academic achievement (2003). Children who are abused and neglected by caretakers often do not form secure attachments to them. These early attachment difficulties can lead to later difficulties in relationships with other adults as well as with peers (Morrison, Frank, Holland, amp; Kates, 1999). Not all victims of child abuse and neglect will experience behavioral consequences; however, child abuse and neglect appear to make the following more likely: Studies have found abused and neglected children to be at least 25 percent more likely to experience problems such as delinquency, teen pregnancy, low academic achievement, drug use, and mental health problems (Kelley et al. , 1997). A National Institute of Justice study indicated being abused or neglected as a child increased the likelihood of arrest as a juvenile by 59 percent. Abuse and neglect increased the likelihood of adult criminal behavior by 28 percent and violent crime by 30 percent (Widom amp; Maxfield, 2001). Research consistently reflects an increased likelihood that abused and neglected children will smoke cigarettes, abuse alcohol, or take illicit drugs. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, as many as two-thirds of people in drug treatment programs reported being abused as children (2000).
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